IRSA would like to congratulate the following recipients of the 2019 IRSA-Local Government Innovation Research Support: Saut Sagala (ITB), Hengki Eko Putra (RDI), Herryal Zoelkarnaen Anwar (RDI): “Addressing Disaster Risk Financing in lndonesia: The Role of lnsurance”
We received a very large number of applications and the selection processes have been highly competitive. We hence hope good quality of research outputs could come out from this research project. It is expected that the winner will present their project at the 15th IRSA Conference in Banda Aceh.
*The reviewers were Prof. Budy P. Resosudarmo (ANU), Prof. Arief Anshory Yusuf (UNPAD), Dr. Hefrizal Handra (UNAND), Dr. Djoni Hartono (UI), Dr. Devanto S. Pratomo (UNIBRAW), Dr. Alin Halimatussadiah (UI)
13 November 2018 LPEM Room (7th floor), Faculty of Economics & Business Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Salemba Raya 4 Jakarta 10430
INTRODUCTION Indonesia is the largest archipelagos located on the ring of fire in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. The country consists of over seventeen thousands of islands with 127 active volcanoes and coastline as long as approximately 99,000 km. Indonesia, hence, is among the countries which are prone with disasters related to earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. One of the major disasters in the last 20 years was caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in 2004; severely affecting Aceh province and the island of Nias. The number of people killed due to this natural disaster was approximately 170,000 people.
After Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in 2004, Indonesian government has tried to develop a comprehensive national disaster management system. It started from enacting the Disaster Management Law (Law No. 24/2007) in 2007, establishing the National Agency of Disaster Management (BNPB), Under the coordination of BNPB, several initiatives on early warning system and procedures for rescue and relief activities has been develop. It supposes that by now Indonesia would be able to better manage disasters compared to the situation in Aceh due to the the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.
Recently, at approximately 8pm on 28 September 2018, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 Richter scale occurred approximately 77 km north from the city of Palu, Central Sulawesi. The earthquake was followed by tsunami and land liquefaction affecting mostly areas in Donggala district and the city of Palu. Due to the combined of these disasters, it is estimated approximately 2,000 were killed and more than 500 thousand people affected. This Palu earthquake and tsunami triggered another pressure to the Indonesian government to be able to better manage natural disasters; meaning be able to maintain its early warning system throughout the country, better conduct rescue and relief procedures when disasters occur and effectively reconstruct the areas affected by the disasters.
The recent earthquake in Palu, however, showed that Indonesia is still struggling to better manage a large-scale disaster. The early warning system did not seem to work, a standard operating procedure to arrange rescue and relief from related ministries/agencies, if it is available, did not seem to be helpful. Number of causalities might be minimize, if there is a good and effective standard operating procedure for rescue and relief activities.
To support the Indonesian government to be able to keep improving its ability to manage disasters, IRSA plans to conduct two activities encouraging better research activities in the country related to natural disasters. The first activity is to conduce a half day seminar on disasters in Indonesia. The second activity is the 15th IRSA International Conference in Banda Aceh on 22-23 July 2019. The theme of the conference will be on Disasters and Regional Development.
OBJECTIVES: The specific objectives of this seminar are:
to provide inputs to the Indonesian Government in conducting the recovery process in Lombok and Central Sulawesi and managing disaster incidences in the country;
to encourage more researchers to work on the issues of disasters in Indonesia, hence better inputs to the Indonesian government can be provided in the future.
RESOURCE PERSONS Speakers are from various institution who had extensive work and concern to mitigate as well as respond on natural disaster issues.
Dwikorita is the head of Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG). She was also former Rector of Gadjah Mada University (2014- 2016). Her research focuses on landslide hazard, early warning system and policy framework for mitigation and risk reduction in Indonesia
Ahlis is a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Economics, Tadulako University, Palu. His research interest includes regional labour market, trade, poverty and development economics.
Sumedi is director of Directorate of Disadvantaged Regions, Transmigration and Rural Development at Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency. He has published articles concerning poverty and decentralization in Indonesia.
Syaiful is the founding senior lecturer at the Statistics Department and the Deputy Director of the Research Centre for Social Science and Cultural Studies, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh. He was the co-founding director of the Aceh Institute and the former Executive Director of the International Centre for Aceh and Indian Ocean Studies (ICAIOS). His areas of interest include applied econometrics, social statistics, demography, survey methods, and quantitative methods for policy analysis. In post 2004 Aceh tsunami, he has been conducting research on disaster and the “sociology of disaster”, as well as issues related to regional conflict, peace and development. He has published articles in, among others, Natural Sustainability, Ocean and Coastal Management and Indonesia.
Jonathan is a senior lecturer at the Emergency and Disaster Management Unit, School of Health, Charles Darwin University. His research focus includes understanding macro and micro level disaster governance, complex network theory application in disaster studies, institutions and institutionalisation of disaster risk reduction. His doctoral research has been one of the first systematic studies on disaster governance and emergency management, looking at institutions and governance practice in disaster reduction in the countries around the world. He has published articles in, among others, International Journal of Health Geographic, Maritime Policy and Management, Journal of the Singaporean National Academy of Science.
Faculty of Economy and Business (FEB) of the Syiah Kuala University was the first faculty established at the Syiah Kuala University when the university was founded on 2 September 1959. Besides running an undergraduate program, the FEB also organizes master programs in Economics and Development Studies, in Management, in Accounting and Islamic Economics. Since 1999, the FEB opened a PhD program in Economics.
The Indonesian Regional Science Association (IRSA) in collaboration with Syiah Kuala University invites scholars, practitioners, and students to submit papers to be presented in the 15th IRSA International Conference. The theme of the conference is Disasters and Regional Development, and it will be held in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, on 22-23 July 2019. Plenary session speakers include Vivi Alatas (World Bank), John Piggott (UNSW) and Suprayoga Hadi (BAPPENAS).
Potential topics to be discussed in the conference include, but not limited to:
Disaster risk reduction and early warning system
Disaster risk finance and insurance
Managing post disaster recovery and sustainability
Local government innovation and governance
Economic shocks and social safety nets
Income inequality and regional disparities
Infrastructure, basic utilities and regional management
Extended abstract should consist of background, purpose and potential contributions, data and methodology, results, conclusion and keywords. An example of such extended abstract can be seen over here. Abstracts must be submitted in English, as also the full paper.
Paper sessions are seminar-style for each paper and ample time for discussion and for participants to provide constructive feedback to authors. Paper presentations will be in English.
Jan 1, 2019 : Abstract Submission Opening
Apr 1, 2019 : Abstract Submission Deadline
May 1, 2019 : Early Bird Registration Open
May 1, 2019 : Notification of Abstract Acceptance
Jun 1, 2019 : Early Bird Registration End
Jun 22, 2019 : Full Paper Submission Deadline
Jun 22, 2019 : Paper Presenter Registration Deadline
Jul 5, 2019 : Non-Presenter Registration Deadline
Jul 20-21, 2019 : Pre-conference training
Jul 22-23, 2019 : Conference Date
IRSA 2019 Secretariat
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Syiah Kuala Kopelma Darussalam Jl. T. Nyak Arief, Banda Aceh 23111 Aceh, Indonesia Phone/Fax: +62 651 755 1265; +62 821 2224 5432; +62 812 6978 135 (WhatsApp only) Email: nazamuddin[at]unsyiah.ac.id , or saiful.mahdi[at]unsyiah.ac.id
IRSA would like to congratulate the following academics for winning the IRSA Awards and Grants
Dian Rubianty, Saiful Mahdi and Yusnadi Alja received the 2018 IRSA-Local Government Innovation Research Support for their research on “Enterprising Gampong: Role of BKPG and Village Funding in Developing BUMDes in South Aceh, Indonesia”.
Maria Silalahi and Salut Muhidin received the 2018 IRSA-Local Government Innovation Research Support for their research on “Innovative Health Program in NTT Province to Improve Maternal and Newborn Health”.
Tri Mulyaningsih, Vitri widyaningsih, Fitria Nur Rahmawati and Dhian Adhitya received the 2018 IRSA-Local Government Innovation Paper Award for their paper on “The Role of Nutrition Assistance and Care in the Primary Health Center and Children Double Burden of Malnutrition in Indonesia”.
Takahiro Akita, Awaludin Aji Riadi and Ali Rizal received the 2018 IRSA-BKF Paper Award for their paper on “Fiscal Disparities in Indonesia under Decentralization: To What Extent Has General Allocation Grant (DAU) Equalized Fiscal Revenues?”
Mochamad Thoriq Akbar and Estro Dariatno Sihaloho received the 2018 IRSA-BKF Paper Award for their research on “The Impact of Village Fund Program in Developing Physical Infrastructure: Case on Construction Value Across Provinces in Indonesia”
Noldy Tuerah, Joy E. Tulung, Hizkia H.D. Tasik, Alin Halimatussadiah, Djoni Hartono and Budy P. Resosudarmo
Brawijaya University Press (UB-Press)
IRSA Book Series on Regional Development No. 16
IDR 100,000 (USD 10)
The current President of Indonesia, Jokowi, has expressed his desire for Indonesia to become a strong maritime country. His vision is for maritime transportation, infrastructure and economic activities to become the backbone of Indonesian economy. The challenges to achieve this goal, however, are immense. Based on the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitive Report for 2013/2014, Indonesia’s infrastructure and connectivity ranked 61 out of 149. This book addresses problems related to Indonesia’s maritime infrastructure and regional development through deeper analysis of local, regional and national perspectives and offers solutions.
Faculty of Economy and Business of the Sebelas Maret University was established based on the Republic of Indonesia President Decree Number No. 55 of 1982. FEB UNS achieves a comparable level in the national accreditation (BAN-PT). All undergraduate level programs has accredited with A level from national high education accreditation team (BAN-PT). As in international level, FEB UNS has developed international collaboration such as Curtin University, Purdue University, International University of Japan, Loughborough University, Univeristy of Twente, Canberra University, La Rochelle University, and many more. FEB UNS has been registered in the three international accreditation organizations as well such as Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business International (AACSB), the Alliance on Business Education and Scholarship for Tomorrow (ABEST 21), and the Association of Asia‐Pacific Business Schools (AAPBS). Website: https://uns.ac.id/en/uns-faculty/economics-and-business
IRSA-BKF Paper Award on Inter-Governmental Transfers and Local Taxation
Research paper topics that will be considered for this award should discuss various issues related to transfers from central to local governments, particularly Village Funds, and local taxation. Such topics could be, but are not limited to, the following:
Government transfers as a strategy to reduce regional income inequality
The role of government transfers and/or local taxation in improving regional standard minimum services across Indonesia
The role of village funds in developing physical and social infrastructure to enhance development in rural and peripheral economies
The effectiveness of transfers to regional policy and/or local taxation in supporting local autonomy
The local government budget and its impact on local economic growth, human capital development, poverty alleviation and inequality
Decentralization and sustainability.
The selected papers will receive Rp. 2,000,000.- per paper and an opportunity for presentation at the IRSA-BKF special session on Inter-governmental Transfers and Local Taxations. In addition, the authors will be given the option to have their works published in the BKF-MOF accredited journal, Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan (http://www.fiskal.kemenkeu.go.id/ejournal/index.php/kek) or in the IRSA Book Series on Regional Development.
In the local autonomy and fiscal decentralization era, local governments play a strategic role in providing basic public services, improving welfare, alleviating poverty, and reducing inequality among regions. Adequate funding is required to implement their authority. In order to support local government, the central government introduced three main funding instruments for fiscal decentralization, namely Own Source Revenues (PAD) including local taxes, Regional Transfers and Village Funds (TKDD), and local government loans.
TKDD is a major source of local government funding. It covers several types of funding intended for different purposes, such as the Revenue Sharing Fund (DBH) for reducing the vertical fiscal gap, the General Allocation Fund (DAU) for reducing the horizontal fiscal gap, the Specific Allocation Fund (DAK) for accelerating the achievement of national priorities, and Village Funds for stimulating infrastructure development and rural community empowerment. The funding allocation is still not effective in achieving development goals due to issues related to the alignment of the allocation with state budget capacity, funding overlaps between ministries, and suboptimal utilization of the inter-governmental transfer by local governments. Further, the effectiveness of Village Funds in reducing poverty and lowering village disparities in the three years since their implementation is still minor.
On the other hand, local governments themselves need to improve their own funding by enhancing local revenue (PAD), particularly from Local Taxes and Local Retributions (PDRD). PDRD is a reflection of the fiscal independence of a region. Regions with an optimal level of taxation can expand their local fiscal capacity and have more options to promote the region. PDRD should be strengthened to improve the accountability of local spending and increase public participation in financing public services. Nevertheless, improvement in the collection of PDRD should not hinder the regional investment climate.
The Central government is committed to continuously improving the quality of fiscal decentralization. In order to improve the quality of local expenditure, the TKDD should be strengthened by considering inputs from various aspects of local governments, society and academics. Moreover, the Central government continues to increase local taxing power. In order to gather information and feedback on fiscal decentralization policies, FEB UNS, IRSA, and BKF-MOF are collaborating to invite scholars to submit papers that empirically study sub-national transfers, local taxation, and local expenditure and their impact in stimulating the economy and lowering inequality across provinces and districts in Indonesia.
How to Apply?
All papers related to the topics mentioned above and submitted to be presented at the 14th IRSA International Conference by 23 June 2018 will be considered for the IRSA-BKF Paper Award. Between 4 to 8 papers will be selected. The papers should be presented at the Conference and all the terms and conditions of the IRSA Conference will apply to all applicants; i.e. paying registration fee etc.
Announcement : 15 February 2018
Deadline for the abstract : 1 April 2018
Deadline for the Full Paper : 23 June 2018
Notification of Winner : 6 July 2018
An extended paper abstract of about 250-500 words should be submitted online via http://www.conftool.com/irsa2018 by 1 April 2018. The abstract should consist of the background, data and methodology, potential contributors, and keywords. Both the abstract and full paper must be submitted in English. The full Paper must be submitted online via http://www.conftool.com/irsa2018 by 23 June 2018.
IRSA-Local Government Innovation Research Support on Local Government Innovation
Despite nearly two decades of decentralization, inter-regional development disparity is still high and persistent. Moreover, intra-regional disparity reflected in the inequality between different groups of the population has reached a level unprecedented in Indonesian history. A root cause is unequal access to improvements in the quality of human resources, especially those related to skills improvement, through education, and the quality of public health. These services are the responsibility of the state, and have been decentralized to local government. In order to optimally exercise this decentralized function to improve development outcomes, regions and localities need to be innovative in the way they serve people, produce or encourage innovation, and produce innovative development actors and leaders.
In many cities and provinces in Indonesia, we are beginning to see innovative approaches to development, but this is still the exception. The understanding of conditions under which such innovations occur is empirically limited. We need evidence of lessons learned so success in certain areas can be replicated.
As an initiative to increase knowledge about how and why such innovation occurs, IRSA and Local Government Innovation are supporting research in this area. The support is in the form of small research grants of Rp. 25,000,000 for any good quality research that potentially can produce new knowledge of local government innovation in Indonesia.
Specific research topics can be, but are not limited to, the following:
What environments could help to create innovation in the public service in the regions/localities?
What are the impacts of innovations in the area of public services delivery in the regions/localities on development outcomes?
Have democratization and decentralization produced innovative local/regional development actors, including political leaders, and if so, to what extent?
To what extent do political leaders or public figures play a role in the innovation of public services delivery in the regions/localities?
To what extent can bureaucracy be transformed to create innovation in public services delivery in the regions/localities?
Are there any examples of best practice in the regions/localities related to local government innovations that can be replicated in other areas?
Who can apply?
Indonesian researchers in any science discipline who are willing to present their research findings at the 14th IRSA conference in Surakarta in July 2018.
Announcement: 15 January 2018
Deadline of proposal submissions: 28 February 2018
Notification of the winner: 31 March 2018
Presentation of the findings: 23-24 July 2018
Final paper submissions: 31 August 2018
The Indonesian Regional Science Association (IRSA) in collaboration with Sebelas Maret University invite scholars, practitioners, and students to submit papers to be presented in the 14th IRSA International Conference. The theme of the conference is Strengthening Regional and Local Economy, and it will be held in Surakarta – also known as Solo, Central Java on 23-24 July 2018.
Potential topics to be discussed in the conference include, but not limited to:
Local business (including MSMEs) development and competitiveness,
Improving the effectiveness of regional growth centres,
Local government innovation, governance and business climate,
Green growth framework for local development,
Regional standard minimum services across Indonesia,
Local infrastructure, basic utilities and city management,
The role of village funds in developing physical and social infrastructure to enhance rural and periphery economy,
Local government budget and its impact on economy growth, human capital development, poverty alleviation and inequality,
Income inequalities and regional disparities,
Decentralization and sustainability,
Trade and regional development,
Macro and financial policies and local development.